EFL - ESL activities and games for teaching adverbs of frequency
An ESL lesson plan for teaching adverbs of frequency to elementary level students (A2). It includes a lead-in activity, some practical ESL classroom activities and a game. The best way to view this content is through the TEFL Handbook app. So if you have an iOS or Android device, be sure to check it out.
The sample board below suggests one way to present adverbs of frequency to your students. First, attempt to elicit as many frequency adverbs as possible and add them to the side of the board. Then explain the grammar rules related to the position of frequency adverbs and frequency expressions in sentences.
ESL activities for adverbs of frequency
All about me
A writing activity where students create sentences about themselves using adverbs of frequency or frequency expressions.
After pre-teaching frequency adverbs, tell your students to write five sentences about themselves. One statement for each modifier should be enough.
When the students have finished writing, have them swap books with a partner and report back on what they have written.
For this pairwork activity, students will create funny statements about famous people using the target language.
Split the group into pairs and tell your students to create sentences about famous people using frequency adverbs. They should write one for each modifier and try to make them as funny as possible.
When reviewing their work at the end, you can turn it into a game and award points for the funniest sentence.
The students apply the target language to different areas of their life in this speaking activity.
First, elicit some common activities and add them to the board. Use the list below as a guide.
Play football in the park
Not have a shower/bath
Swimming in the sea
Go to Madrid
Not tidy my room
Not listen to the teacher
Fight with my brother/sister
Not feed the cat/dog
Do my homework
When you feel you have enough ideas, go round the class asking the students to give you sentences that are true for them and their family. Depending on the number of students, three to five should be enough. To help them, ask questions that elicit responses using the desired language. For example:
Teacher: Hi Sandra, Do you have a dog?
Student: Yes, I do.
Teacher: Do you feed the dog.
Student: Sometimes, but my dad normally feeds her.
Our suggestions for ESL games and activities require the minimum of resources (whiteboard markers, dice or dice app.).
Adverb guessing game
Teams have to ask opposing players questions to elicit a given frequency adverb.
Divide the class into two teams. On each turn, give one side a frequency adverb from the list without the other team knowing what it is. That group must then think of a question that will draw the given frequency adverb in the response. For example, the team has been shown 'twice a week' and ask "How often do you go to English Academy?" The student who is responding must tell the truth, and if their answer contains 'twice a week', the other team wins a point.
More A2 level ESL lesson plans
We hope that you've found a few of these ideas useful. Our suggested next lesson is on ordinal numbers. Be sure to check out our complete list of elementary level ESL lesson plans, A2 lower and A2 upper, as well as our entire collection of ESL lesson plans. Also, if you are an iOS or Android user, this lesson plan is available for free on the TEFL Handbook app. An ESL lesson planner for English teachers.