ESL Activities and Games | Teaching frequency adverbs
Grammar | 60 - 90 minutes
This ESL lesson plan contains practical activities, games and resources for teaching frequency adverbs to intermediate level students (B1).
If you find the free materials useful and want complete access to all of our teaching resources, you should consider becoming a member. Also, if you have an Android or iOS device, check out the TEFL Handbook app. We have designed it for use in the classroom, and it gives teachers offline access to all of our lesson plans.
Use of the board
The sample board for this lesson focuses on the grammar of frequency adverbs, their position in a sentence, asking questions about frequency and some common frequency expressions. Students at this level should already be familiar to most of these, so try to elicit as much as possible as you work through the board.
Frequency adverb position
Students complete sentences, placing the frequency adverbs in the correct position.
Add the following prompts to the board and tell your students to rewrite them by adding the frequency adverb in the correct position.
1. I listen to music on the radio. (occasionally)
2. We are late for practice. (usually)
3. I forget to brush my teeth. (sometimes)
4. They have dance lessons. (three times a week)
5. I can count on them to help me. (always)
6. Jane had stolen money before. (never)
Once they have finished, they can compare their answers with a partner.
A pair-work speaking activity where students try to predict what their partner's results will be.
Students will interview each other about how often they do particular everyday events and activities. Before they begin, elicit some typical examples and add them to the board:
Listen to music
Play video games
Go to the cinema
Go on the internet
Go on holiday
Next, have the students copy the list from the board and assign a frequency adverb to each one based on what they think their partner's answers will be.
When they have finished, they can quiz their partner to check how many of their guesses were correct. Remind the class that this is intermediate level and encourage them to ask follow-up questions. Demo this with one of the stronger students before they begin:
Teacher: I think you listen to music every day. Do you listen to music every day?
Student: No, I don't.
Teacher: Do you ever listen to music?
Student: Yes, of course. I listen to music most days, but not every day.
Two truths, one lie
This modified version of an old ESL favourite can be a great way to wrap up a lesson on frequency adverbs.
First, students will make three sentences containing frequency adverbs. These statements have to be personal, and you should encourage them to make them as interesting as possible. Also, inform the class that one of the sentences should be a lie.
When they have finished writing, they'll take turns coming to the front of the room to read their statements. The other students then have to ask follow-up questions to determine which one false.
More B1 ESL lesson plans for intermediate students
We hope that you've found a few of these ideas useful. Our suggested next lesson is on prepositions of time. Be sure to check out our complete list of intermediate level ESL lesson plans, as well as our entire collection of ESL lesson plans. Also, if you're an iOS or Android user, this lesson plan is available for free on the TEFL Handbook app. An ESL lesson planner for English teachers.