EFL - ESL activities and games for teaching frequency adverbs
This ESL lesson plan contains practical activities, games and resources for teaching frequency adverbs to intermediate level students (B1). The recommended way to view these materials is through the TEFL Handbook app, which gives you offline access to everything on the site.
The sample board for this lesson focuses on the grammar of frequency adverbs, their position in a sentence, asking questions about frequency and some common frequency expressions. Students at this level should already be familiar to most of these, so try to elicit as much as possible as you work through the board.
Classroom activities for frequency adverbs
Frequency adverb position
In this ESL grammar activity, students complete the following sentences, placing the frequency adverbs in the correct position:
1. I listen to music on the radio. (occasionally)
2. We are late for practice. (usually)
3. I forget to brush my teeth. (sometimes)
4. They have dance lessons. (three times a week)
5. I can count on them to help me. (always)
6. Jane had stolen money before. (never)
Once they have finished, they can compare their answers with a partner.
This ESL speaking activity is excellent for practising frequency adverbs. Students will interview each other about how often they do particular everyday events and activities. Before they begin, elicit some typical examples and add them to the board:
Listen to music
Play video games
Go to the cinema
Go on the internet
Go on holiday
Next, students copy the list from the board and assign a frequency adverb to each one based on what they think their partner’s answers will be. When they have finished, they can quiz their partner to check how many of their guesses were correct. Remind the class that it's intermediate level and encourage them to ask follow-up questions. Demo this with one of the stronger students before they begin:
Teacher: I think you listen to music every day. Do you listen to music every day?
Student: No, I don’t.
Teacher: Do you ever listen to music?
Student: Yes, of course. I listen to music most days, but not every day.
Related ESL games
Two truths, one lie
This modified version of an old ESL favourite is a great way to wrap up a lesson on frequency adverbs. First, students will make three sentences containing frequency adverbs. These statements have to be personal, and you should encourage them to make them as interesting as possible Also, inform the class that one of the sentences should be a lie. When they have finished writing, they'll take turns coming to the front of the room to read their statements. The other students then have to ask follow-up questions to determine which one false.
Additional EFL - ESL resources from around the web
There is a large number of ESL worksheets on adverbs of frequency available at islcollective, below are a couple that you can use to test or revise frequency adverbs with intermediate students:
Finally, this video from the British Council demos the language covered in this lesson. It's aimed at teenagers but would be okay to use with adult classes. Also, it might be a good idea to prepare some simple comprehension questions beforehand.
More B1 ESL lesson plans
We hope that you've found a few of these ideas useful. Our suggested next lesson is on prepositions of time. Be sure to check out our complete list of intermediate level ESL lesson plans, as well as our entire collection of ESL lesson plans. Also, if you're an iOS or Android user, this lesson plan is available for free on the TEFL Handbook app. An ESL lesson planner for English teachers.